Peace agreement between Russia and Japan in Portsmouth (1905)

The US President Theodore Roosevelt offered his help in arranging peace negotiations for Russia and Japan in USA (1905).

The two countries were in war with each other and thanks to US President Roosevelt's assistance the peace could be reached.

“I often heard the following opinion voiced by Americans about him ...How simply he is (...) like a leader of democracy.”

“The growing sympathy towards us is shown in the papers. Many of them, for instance the “Evening Post” and the New Yorker Sun”, which were considered pro-Japanese, have quite come over to our side, and all this in a most natural way. In Witte’s character and manner there is much that must be attractive to the Americans. He behaves simply, and at the same time with assurance; he takes an interest (...) in all that surrounds him. He receives everybody, listens to what they have to say, answers all their questions, and altogether impresses people by his intelligence and manners.” ( “Pre-War Diplomacy, The Russo-Japanese Problem”, J.J.Korostovetz, p. 95, 1905)

“...I introduced the Postmaster to Witte, and the usual exchange of trivial civilities followed. Toping also told Witte, that if he were to stay in the United States, he would certainly be chosen as President.” ( “Pre-War Diplomacy, The Russo-Japanese Problem”, J.J.Korostovetz, p. 115, 1905)

Press about S.J. Witte

American Press:

“Witte gained his sympathies of the Americans not only by his intellect and personal charm, but also by the great and entirely sincere interest he took in their ways of living and thinking, and in national customs.” (J. J. Korostovetz)

Japanese Delegation:

“Owing to his tactfulness and sincerity, the cold distrust of the Japanese Delegation soon disappeared, and our opponents began to manifest that spirit of obliging courtesy which is customary with the Japanese.” (J. J. Korostovetz)

International Press:

“His popularity amongst the representatives of the Press can be explained by the same traits of his character, viz., his accessibility and his way of speaking out frankly, with the sincerity not generally customary among diplomats.” (J. J. Korostovetz)

S.J. Witte had received the title of Count from the Tzar, Nikolaj II, on his return from the United States for his excellent achievements as peace negotiator in Portsmouth.

Count S.J. Witte in Portsmouth

The President of the United States Theodore Roosevelt in Portsmouth

“I cannot too strongly express my congratulations to you and to the civilised world upon the agreement reached between you and the Plenipotentiaries of Japan, and upon the fact that hereby a peace has been secured just and honourable to both sides. The President Theodore Roosvelt.” (from an exchange of telegrams with Witte, Rosen and Roosevelt, J.J. Korostovetz, p.111)

The Conference in Portsmouth. The Russian Delegation and Journalists

Russian and Japanese Delegations